Rwanda is committed to the roll out of ICT technology and ensuring that children and adolescents benefit from it. They wish to be a regional leader and have strong support from His Excellency Paul Kagame President of the Republic of Rwanda, who is Vice-Chair of the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development. In early 2018 Baroness Beeban Kidron, Founder and Chair of 5Rights Foundation, met with the Minister for ICT and discussed some of the underlying issues that comprise effective COP policy development, across all jurisdictions. Julia Davidson, Professor of Criminology (University of East London) was awarded a grant by End Violence Against Children, The Fund, in November 2018. Principal Investigator Professor Davidson, with co-lead Baroness Beeban Kidron (CEO & Founder, 5Rights Foundation) and partners from the University of Rwanda and Government of Rwanda, developed a National Child Online Protection Policy and Implementation Plan on behalf of the Government of Rwanda, Ministry of ICT and Innovation (MINICT). This document contains a gap analysis ('The Rwandan Context'), Policy Document, 5-Year Implementation Plan, a COP awareness strategy ('COP Communications'), further resources and appendices.